Our University’s name is an expression of the current value of the idea of the popular university nationalism that promotes the establishment of cultural and technological sovereignty, this being the basis of our economical independence and the industrialization of our country for the social wellbeing of our people.
Arturo Jauretche was born in Lincoln (Buenos Aires) en 1901. Jaurethe was one of the most important representatives of the national thinking and had an essential role in the real characterization of the Argentinean socioeconomic and cultural structures. He was part of the Conservative Party until his adolescence. Then, between 1925 and 1926, he became part of the Radicalism and was imprisoned after the Coup d’etat that deposed Irigoyen, and 1933 he was put again in jail again after the uprising in Paso de los Libres against Juan P. Justo. Based on this situation, he wrote his first work “El Paso de los Libres” (1993), a poem that talks about the unsuccessful revolutionary experience. Later, he joined the “Movimiento de Continuidad Jurídica” and in 1934, during a period of growing foreignization of the Government, he wrote together with other leading figures “El Manifiesto de Radicales Fuertes”, in opposition to oligarchy and the Alvear-supporting sectors. During this period, he funded, together with other thinkers and social activists the “Fuerza de Orientación Radical de la Joven Argentina” (FORJA), which created university groups in La Plata, Buenos Aires, Mendoza and Tucumán (Organizasicón Universitaria Forjista) and in Cordoba (Unión Federalista Revolucionaria Argentina). In 1939, he led the “Federación Universitaria Argentina” (FUA). Whith the Peronism, FORJA was dissolved, since a new national policy and a recovery of the sovereignty started. During the period 1946-1950 was the Head of the Banco de la Provincia de Buenos Aires, promoting a policy that supported national companies. After the coup d’etat that overthrew Perón’s government in 1955, Jauretche had an active participation in the Peronist resistance, trying to prevent an ideological defeat, as a result of the political one suffered by the society. During this period, he started writing books that reflected his ideas, which have previously appeared in articles, magazines and newspapers in the 30’s. Some of his publications are: El Plan Prebisch. Retorno al coloniaje, De memoria. Pantalones cortos, Los profetas del odio (1957); Ejército y Política. La patria grande y la patria chica (1958); Política Nacional y revisionismo histórico (1959); Prosas de hacha y tiza (1960);FORJA y la Década Infame (1962); Filo, contrafilo y punta (1964); El medio pelo de la sociedad argentina (1966); Los profetas del odio y la yapa (1967) y Manual de zonceras argentinas (1972).
In 1973, during the government of Hector Cámpora, Jauretche was the Head of Eudeba (the University of Buenos Aires’ editorial) and the spokeman of the Fondo Nacional de las Artes (National Endowment for the Arts). In 1974, he offered his last talks in the National University of the South (Universidad del Sur) and he died in May.
In his writings, he proposed a true picture of the country, fostering a relation between history and politics. Jauretche was concerned with the national freedom, aiming at a class conciliation in a process of independent capitalism.
In his publications, he presents a deep and accurate analysis of the role of the university, which, from his point of view, should fulfill three functions: defining a national science to solve the country’s problems, allowing upward mobility and social equality and educating in values, consolidating the ethical principles of social justice and national sovereignty.